Osteoporosis is a condition that reduces bone mass, often accompanied by fractures, especially subsidence of the vertebrae. Old age with a reduction in hormones, eating a poor diet is the cause of osteoporosis.
Our skeleton is robust thanks to the minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus. There are three factors that affect the bones are: diet full of calcium and other minerals; ensuring adequate vitamin D to help absorb calcium; concentrations of hormones may play a role in bone growth.
Causes of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is the result of many causes such as endocrine disease; severe kidney disease lose too much calcium; consequences of prolonged corticosteroid medication; osteoporosis of the menopause and osteoporosis of the elderly accounted for approximately 90% of cases.
The elderly people with osteoporosis is due to poor absorption and metabolism of calcium in the bones also soured. In the body, the structure of the bone is constantly renewed, old bone discharged and bone dismissed newly created.
Women postmenopausal haven’t enough the hormone estrogen deficiency, so regulatory functions absorb calcium into bone deterioration. Osteoporosis postmenopausal osteoporosis called type I, type II osteoporosis is old age osteoporosis. These factors are closely related to postmenopausal osteoporosis causes type I are: estrogen deficiency, decreased secretion of parathyroid hormone status, increased urinary excretion of calcium, decrease activity of the enzyme 25-OH vitamin D1 alpha hydroxylase that reduce calcium absorption in the intestine.
The type II of osteoporosis related to two factors that reduce calcium absorption and reduced osteoblast function. In addition, we also found a number of factors that increase the risk of osteoporosis are: genetic factors, little or no physical activity, lean people, who are not fertility, early menopause people, Asians, whites.
Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis can cause disability and death. Therefore the prevention becomes necessary and effective.
Patients should be mild exercise spine, deep breath and slowly, avoid strong movement that can fracture; Performing enough quality diet and adequate calcium in the diet, should have about 100g of meat or fish every day.
Drink 1/4 liter of milk / day; Oral estrogen to prevent osteoporosis; Drugs used to treat many types of diseases, such as alendronate, calcium, multivitamins with D2 or D3, estrogen 50mg day, bisphosphonates, the co metabolic steroids. You should follow your doctor’s instructions.